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So we had “Apollo 13”, “Cast away”, “Sully” — conclusion — NEVER fly with Tom Hanks ;)   — norbert1636

Don’t sail with him either, he attracts pirates and U-Boats.   — Dynasty001 discussion of Mentour Pilot presentation on “The Miracle on the Hudson”

NAME

PDF::Builder::Annotation - Add annotations to a PDF

Inherits from PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF::Dict

SYNOPSIS

    my $pdf = PDF::Builder->new();
    my $font = $pdf->font('Helvetica');
    my $page1 = $pdf->page();
    my $page2 = $pdf->page();
    my $content = $page1->text();
    my $message = 'Go to Page 2';
    my $size = 18;
    $content->distance(1 * 72, 9 * 72);
    $content->font($font, $size);
    $content->text($message);
    my $annotation = $page1->annotation();
    my $width = $content->text_width($message);
    $annotation->rect(1 * 72, 9 * 72, 1 * 72 + $width, 9 * 72 + $size);
    $annotation->link($page2);
    $pdf->save('sample.pdf');

METHODS

Note that the handling of annotations can vary from Reader to Reader. The available icon set may be larger or smaller than given here, and some Readers activate an annotation on a single mouse click, while others require a double click. Not all features provided here may be available on all PDF Readers.

new

    $annotation = PDF::Builder::Annotation->new()
Returns an annotation object (called from $page->annotation()).
It is normally not necessary to explicitly call this method (see examples).

Annotation types

    $annotation->link($page, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a launch-page with page $page (within this document) and opts %opts (rect, border, color, fit: see descriptions below).
Note that $page is not a simple page number, but is a page structure such as $pdf->openpage(page_number), or a Named Destination defined elsewhere.

pdf, pdfile, pdf_file

    $annotation->pdf($pdffile, $page_number, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a PDF-file with filepath $pdffile, on page $page_number, and opts %opts (rect, border, color, fit: see descriptions below). This differs from the link call in that the target is found in a different PDF file, not the current document.
$page_number is the physical page number, starting at 1: 1, 2,...
Alternate names: pdfile and pdf_file
Originally this method was named pdfile, and then pdf_file but a recent PDF::API2 change made it pdf. For compatibility, it has been changed to pdf, with pdfile and pdf_file still available as aliases.

launch, file

    $annotation->launch($file, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a launch-file with filepath $file (a local file) and options %opts (rect, border, color: see descriptions below). How the file is displayed depends on the operating system, type of file, and local configuration or mapping.
Alternate name: file
Originally this method was named file, but a recent PDF::API2 change made it launch. For compatibility, it has been changed to launch, with file still available as an alias.

uri, url

    $annotation->uri($url, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a launch-url with url $url and options %opts (rect, border, color: see descriptions below). This page is usually brought up in a browser, and may be remote.
Alternate name: url
Originally this method was named url, but a recent PDF::API2 change made it uri. For compatibility, it has been changed to uri, with url still available as an alias.

text

    $annotation->text($text, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a text note with content string $text and options %opts (rect, color, text, open: see descriptions below). The $text may include newlines \n for multiple lines. The option border is ignored, since an icon is used.
The option text is the popup's label string, not to be confused with the main $text.
The icon appears in the upper left corner of the rect selection rectangle, and its active clickable area is fixed by the icon (it is not equal to the rectangle). The icon size is fixed, and its fill color set by color.
Additional options:
icon => name_string
icon => reference

Specify the icon to be used. The default is Reader-specific (usually Note), and others may be defined by the Reader. Comment, Key, Help, NewParagraph, Paragraph, and Insert are also supposed to be available on all PDF Readers. Note that the name case must exactly match. The icon is of fixed size. Any AP dictionary entry will override the icon setting.

A reference to an icon may be passed instead of a name.

opacity => value

Define the opacity (non-transparency, opaqueness) of the icon. This value ranges from 0.0 (transparent) to 1.0 (fully opaque), and applies to both the outline and the fill color. The default is 1.0.

markup

    $annotation->markup($text, $PointList, $highlight, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a text note with content string $text and options %opts (color, text, open, opacity: see descriptions below). The $text may include newlines \n for multiple lines.
text is the popup's label string, not to be confused with the main $text.
There is no icon. Instead, the annotated text marked by $PointList is highlighted in one of four ways specified by $highlight.
$PointList => [ 8n numbers ]

One or more sets of numeric coordinates are given, defining the quadrilateral (usually a rectangle) around the text to be highlighted and selectable (clickable, to bring up the annotation text). These are four sets of x,y coordinates, given (for Left-to-Right text) as the upper bound Upper Left to Upper Right and then the lower bound Lower Left to Lower Right. Note that this is different from what is (erroneously) documented in the PDF specification! It is important that the coordinates be given in this order.

Multiple sets of quadrilateral corners may be given, such as for highlighted text that wraps around to new line(s). The minimum is one set (8 numbers). Any AP dictionary entry will override the $PointList setting. Finally, the "Rect" selection rectangle is created just outside the convex bounding box defined by $PointList.

$highlight => 'string'

The following highlighting effects are permitted. The string must be spelled and capitalized exactly as given:

Highlight

The effect of a translucent "highlighter" marker.

Squiggly

The effect is an underline written in a "squiggly" manner.

StrikeOut

The text is struck-through with a straight line.

Underline

The text is marked by a straight underline.

color => array of values

If color is not given (an array of numbers in the range 0.0-1.0), a medium gray should be used by default. Named colors are not supported at this time.

opacity => value

Define the opacity (non-transparency, opaqueness) of the icon. This value ranges from 0.0 (transparent) to 1.0 (fully opaque), and applies to both the outline and the fill color. The default is 1.0.

movie

    $annotation->movie($file, $contentType, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a movie from $file with content (MIME) type $contentType and options %opts (rect, border, color, text: see descriptions below).
The rect rectangle also serves as the area where the movie is played, so it should be of usable size and aspect ratio. It does not use a separate popup player. It is known to play .avi and .wav files -- others have not been tested. Using Adobe Reader, it will not play .mpg files (unsupported type). More work is probably needed on this annotation method.

file_attachment

    $annotation->file_attachment($file, %opts)
Defines the annotation as a file attachment with file $file and options %opts (rect, color: see descriptions below). Note that color applies to the icon fill color, not to a selectable area outline. The icon is resized (including aspect ratio changes) based on the selectable rectangle given by rect, so watch your rectangle dimensions!
The file, along with its name, is embedded in the PDF document and may be extracted for viewing with the appropriate viewer.
This differs from the file method in that file looks for and launches a file already on the Reader's machine, while file_attachment embeds the file in the PDF, and makes it available on the Reader's machine for actions of the user's choosing.
Note 1: some Readers may only permit an "open" action, and may also restrict file types (extensions) that will be handled. This may be configurable with your Reader's security settings.
Note 2: the displayed file name (pop-up during mouse rollover of the target rectangle) is given with the path trimmed off (file name only). If you want the displayed name to exactly match the path that was passed to the call, including the path, give the notrimpath option.
Options:
icon => name_string
icon => reference

Specify the icon to be used. The default is Reader-specific (usually PushPin), and others may be defined by the Reader. Paperclip, Graph, and Tag are also supposed to be available on all PDF Readers. Note that the name case must exactly match. None is a custom invisible icon defined by PDF::Builder. The icon is stretched/squashed to fill the defined target rectangle, so take care when defining rect dimensions. Any AP dictionary entry will override the icon setting.

A reference to an icon may be passed instead of a name.

opacity => value

Define the opacity (non-transparency, opaqueness) of the icon. This value ranges from 0.0 (transparent) to 1.0 (fully opaque), and applies to both the outline and the fill color. The default is 1.0.

notrimpath => 1

If given, show the entire path and file name on mouse rollover, rather than just the file name.

text => string

A text label for the popup (on mouseover) that contains the file name.

Note that while PDF permits different specifications (paths) to DOS/Windows, Mac, and Unix (including Linux) versions of a file, and different format copies to be embedded, at this time PDF::Builder only permits a single file (format of your choice) to be embedded. If there is user demand for multiple file formats to be referenced and/or embedded, we could look into providing this, although separate OS version paths may be considered obsolescent!.

Internal routines and common options

rect

    $annotation->rect($llx,$lly, $urx,$ury)
Sets the rectangle (active click area) of the annotation, given by 'rect' option. This is any pair of diagonally opposite corners of the rectangle.
The default clickable area is the icon itself.
Defining option. Note that this "option" is actually required.
rect => [LLx, LLy, URx, URy]

Set annotation rectangle at [LLx,LLy] to [URx,URy] (lower left and upper right coordinates). LL to UR is customary, but any diagonal is allowed.

border

    $annotation->border(@b)
Sets the border-style of the annotation, if applicable, as given by the border option. There are three entries in the array: horizontal and vertical corner radii, and border width. An optional fourth entry (described below) may be used for a dashed or dotted line.
A border is used in annotations where text or some other material is put down, and a clickable rectangle is defined over it (rect). A border is not shown when an icon is being used to mark the clickable area.
A PDF Reader normally defaults to [0 0 1] (solid line of width 1, with sharp corners) if no border (/Border) is specified. Keeping compatibility with PDF::API2's longstanding practice, PDF::Builder defaults to no visible border [0 0 0] (solid line of width 0, and thus invisible).
Defining option:
border => [CRh, CRv, W]
border => [CRh, CRv, W, [on, off...]]

Note that the square brackets [ and ] are literally there, indicating a vector or array of values. They do not indicate optional values!

Set annotation border style of horizontal and vertical corner radii CRh and CRv (value 0 for squared corners) and width W (value 0 for no border). The PDF::Builder default is no border (while a PDF Reader typically defaults to no border ([0 0 0]), if no /Border entry is given). Optionally, a dash pattern array may be given (on length, off length, as one or more pairs). The default is a solid line.

The border vector seems to ignore the first two settings (corner radii), but the line thickness works, on basic Readers. The corner radii may work on some other Readers.

content

    $annotation->content(@lines)
Sets the text-content of the text() annotation. This is a text string or array of strings.

open

    $annotation->open($bool)
Display the text() annotation either open or closed, if applicable.
Both are editable; the "open" form brings up the page with the entry area already open for editing, while "closed" has to be clicked on to edit it.
Defining option:
open => boolean

If true (1), the annotation will be marked as initially "open". If false (0), or the option is not given, the annotation is initially "closed".

dest

    $annotation->dest($page, I<fit_setting>)
For certain annotation types (link or pdf_file), the fit_setting specifies how the content of the page $page is to be fit to the window, while preserving its aspect ratio. These fit settings are listed in "Page Fit Options" in PDF::Builder::Docs.
"xyz" is the default fit setting, with position (left and top) and zoom the same as the calling page's ([undef, undef, undef]).
    $annotation->dest($name)
Connect the Annotation to a "Named Destination" defined elsewhere, including the optional desired fit (default: xyz undef*3).

Color

    $annotation->Color(@color)
Set the icon's fill color. The color is an array of 1, 3, or 4 numbers, each in the range 0.0 to 1.0. If 1 number is given, it is the grayscale value (0 = black to 1 = white). If 3 numbers are given, it is an RGB color value. If 4 numbers are given, it is a CMYK color value. Currently, named colors (strings) are not handled.
For link and url annotations, this is the color of the rectangle border (border given with a width of at least 1).
If an invalid array length or numeric value is given, a medium gray ( [0.5] ) value is used, without any message. If no color is given, the usual fill color is black.
Defining option:
Named colors (e.g., 'black') are not supported at this time.
color => [ ] or not 1, 3, or 4 numbers 0.0-1.0

A medium gray (0.5 value) will be used if an invalid color is given.

color => [ g ]

If g is between 0.0 (black) and 1.0 (white), the fill color will be gray.

color => [ r, g, b ]

If r (red), g (green), and b (blue) are all between 0.0 and 1.0, the fill color will be the defined RGB hue. [ 0, 0, 0 ] is black, [ 1, 1, 0 ] is yellow, and [ 1, 1, 1 ] is white.

color => [ c, m, y, k ]

If c (red), m (magenta), y (yellow), and k (black) are all between 0.0 and 1.0, the fill color will be the defined CMYK hue. [ 0, 0, 0, 0 ] is white, [ 1, 0, 1, 0 ] is green, and [ 1, 1, 1, 1 ] is black.

text string

    text => string
Specify an optional text label for annotation. This text or comment only shows up as a title in the pop-up containing the file or text.

NAVIGATION LINKS

Up (Parents)

Master Index
PDF::Builder -- Facilitates the creation and modification of PDF files

Siblings

PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF -- Various utilities and support routines
PDF::Builder::Content -- Methods for adding graphics and text to a PDF
PDF::Builder::Docs -- Additional documentation for Builder module
PDF::Builder::FontManager -- Managing the font library for PDF::Builder
PDF::Builder::Lite -- Lightweight PDF creation methods
PDF::Builder::Matrix -- Matrix operations library
PDF::Builder::NamedDestination -- Add named destinations (views) to a PDF
PDF::Builder::Outline -- Manage PDF outlines (a.k.a. bookmarks)
PDF::Builder::Outlines -- Further Outline handling
PDF::Builder::Page -- Methods to interact with individual pages
PDF::Builder::Resource -- Base class for PDF resources
PDF::Builder::UniWrap -- Support routines for finding line breakpoints with Unicode text
PDF::Builder::Util -- Utility package for often-used methods across the package
PDF::Builder::ViewerPreferences -- How the PDF should be displayed or printed

 

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